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The dangers of detox diets

Want to lose fat fast? Here’s why “quick-fix” detox diets are the worst thing you can do for your health and fitness

We all know the feeling: waking up the morning after the night before. Or the morning after the weekend before! Perhaps you drank too much, ate too much, or had too much of something that disagrees with you. For many people, it’s at this moment – or when they face the mirror, or get on the bathroom scale, or struggle to buckle their belt – that they start thinking about a diet.

Most people want quick results: you feel bad now and want to feel better asap. But while quick-fix diets – whether they’re called a “detox”, a “cleanse”, a “metabolic reset” or any other attention-grabbing name – promise instant results, they never work for long. Even worse, they’ll make you fatter and unhappier in the long run (there is a better way to eat for a better and healthier body – it’s called the Perfect Portion approach).

How do I lose – or gain – weight?

Before we get to why quick-fix diets are so dangerous it’s important to understand how we gain and lose weight. In theory, weight loss is simple. It’s based on the Energy Balance Equation, which says that to lose weight you must consume less energy – in other words, fewer calories from food – than you burn.

We expend energy through simply being alive (our bodies burn calories at rest to keep us alive, at what’s known as the basal metabolic rate or BMR), and also through everyday activities, exercise and excretion. You can find out exactly how calories are burned here.

Over time if we eat fewer calories than we burn, we lose weight; if we eat more calories than we burn, we gain weight (there is slightly more to it than that, and you can read about the Calorie Conundrum here).

This concept is important to understand because it’s how all diets work. It doesn’t matter if you’re only eating “superfoods”, having one meal a day or ten, or eat standing on your head (don’t do that) – you’ll lose weight only if you consume less energy than you expend. But that doesn’t mean all diets are equal in helping you lose weight, or improving your health and happiness! Here’s why  “detox diets” are so bad for both your body and your brain.

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5 reasons detox diets are so dangerous

Here’s why quick-fix diets will damage your health and make you fatter!

Problem 1: You mess up your fluid balance

Why is this bad? Many quick-fix or fad diets “work” because when you first start restricting your food intake or cut out certain nutrients to reduce your daily calorie consumption, you will lose weight. A big problem is that it’s not fat that you’ve lost – it’s water. And that’s the last thing you want to happen.

This is one reason detox diets are so incredibly dangerous. They can negatively affect your body’s fluid and salt (better known as electrolyte) balance, which means you can lose a lot of water and salts very quickly. Disrupting fluid and electrolyte balance will result in dehydration, which will make you look, feel and perform far worse than normal.

Take things too far and these dangers become much more serious because your body depends on fluid and electrolyte balance for maintaining the rhythm of your heart, as well as many other very important functions.

So if you’re ever tempted to try one of those so-called “detox diets”, remember that you might see a lower number on the bathroom scale after a few days but any weight lost is probably water, rather than that body fat you really want to shift. And remember it’s likely to make you feel tired, dehydrated and miserable – and that’s about as far from living a healthier and happier life as you can be.

Problem 2: You starve your body of nutrients

Why is this bad? Almost all quick-fix diets are based on severely restricting your daily calorie intake by cutting out specific types of foods or eliminating food groups entirely.

This means that these diets don’t provide some, or even many, of the essential nutrients your body needs to function at its best – whether that’s fats, protein or vitamins and minerals. So they will dramatically affect how “healthy” you look and feel.

You may suffer physical signs, such as dry, pale or dull skin, aching joints and muscles, feelings of lethargy and weakness, or trouble falling and staying asleep, as well as a wide range of mental symptoms, not limited to constant hunger, low energy and constant fatigue, bad moods, and dire levels of focus, motivation and concentration.

All you will think about is food and your next meal, not to mention that pit-of-your-stomach disappointment about what that next meal is going to be! This will make you feel absolutely awful in the short term and cause you to question whether all these negative side effects are worth it. (They’re not.) But it has an even more serious impact on your long-term health, fitness and general well-being.

Problem 3: Your metabolism slows down

Why is this bad? Your body’s job, evolutionarily speaking, is to stop you starving to death – a very real risk until relatively recently. So your body pays very close attention to how much you’re eating.

When you suddenly start eating less your body makes adjustments to prevent starvation. Your metabolism slows down to conserve energy, and many other changes occur. Your digestive tract moves food through more slowly to extract as much energy and as many nutrients as possible (which can cause digestive issues, such as bloating or constipation); your repair and recovery processes slow down so you don’t heal as fast; and there’s a reduced production of important hormones, including the primary sex hormones oestrogen, progesterone and testosterone.

When your metabolism slows, your body decides you need even less energy to survive, which means you now must further reduce your calorie intake from food to get into that calorie deficit to lose weight! This creates a vicious cycle in which your body, over time, requires fewer and fewer calories to function, making it harder to lose weight even when you’re eating far less than before. This is really bad for your weight loss ambition. Why? Keep reading.

Problem 4: Your appetite roars back

Why is this bad? Have you ever wondered what makes you feel hungry? Or full? Appetite is controlled by a series of feedback loops in the digestive system and the brain. There are also sensors in our fat cells that tell our brain how full our fat stores are. If there’s a lack of food being eaten, these feedback loops and sensors compensate by making you really hungry. The “if you’re standing between me and the fridge I can’t be held responsible for my actions” kind of hungry!

No matter how strong your willpower and motivation, your brain’s “don’t starve” system is always stronger. Eventually you quit the diet (because it’s unsustainable and you’re miserable) and resume eating normally. But you now need fewer calories than before because of your slower metabolism, so you gain back the weight you lost – and more – because your brain is sending all the excess energy to fill up your fat stores in an effort to make sure you don’t “starve” again. You’ll think about food more often – and hence eat more too. This is a major reason so many people end up yo-yo dieting and gain body fat rather than losing it.

Problem 5: You get stuck in a vicious cycle

Why is this bad? There are many physiological problems caused by quick-fix diets, but one of the biggest is the damaging habits that they cause people to adopt. If not, here are some of the worst habits that are forged by quick-fix diets.

•You learn to either be “on” a diet or “off” it: there is nothing in between.
•You only ever experience a very short period of weight loss “success”, if any.
•You experience long periods of “failure”, and feelings of guilt or frustration that add to your unhappiness.
•You start to develop a damaging relationship with food and think obsessively about eating.
•You forget how to “trust” your body to know how it’s really feeling, and don’t trust yourself to make smart food choices.
•You end up in one of two equally bad scenarios: either living a life adhering to a very strict set of eating rules, or suffering from a complete loss of control over your diet and your life.

To lose weight and keep it off, you must make some simple and sustainable habit changes that will make building a bigger, leaner and healthier body much easier.

To find your perfect transformation plan, take the New Body quiz!
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